The need for cheap, quality and yet formulated feeds compels poultry farmers to consume pellet concentrates. One of the methods used when making a feed is animal feed pelleting process. These packages are made in different sizes and are much more nutritious than regular feeds and flours and today have a special place in livestock and poultry farming. If nutrients are in the air, they can be easily oxidized, but pelleted foods have finer and smaller nutrients that are less prone to oxidation.This way of providing food enables the animal’s energy to be supplied by consuming pelleted food in the shortest possible time and reducing energy requirements. Using pelleted feed because of its bicarbonate helps to increase the saliva of the animal and prevents diseases such as acidosis and so on.
How is animal feed made?
There are several ways to produce animal feed:
1- Pellet Press Method: In this method, the raw materials are homogenized and finely ground in a hammer mill, mixed with a paddy mixer and fed into the air conditioner according to the regulated diet.In this machine the raw materials are dehumidified by steam and partially sterilized. After crossing the air conditioner, which should be standard along the route, enter the pellet press.In this machine, through the pressure of the rollers inside the pellet press, the high-pressure mixing materials pass through the corresponding hole and are clamped and compacted by high force. The agglomerated product will be cut by the cutter after crossing the corresponding hole and eventually the granular product will be produced. As a result, in the pellet production process, only low mixing and baking materials, low humidity, low sterilization, and the like will be almost exclusively processed, only in one granule are the types of raw materials and micronutrients put together.
2-Extruder Method: In this method, the raw materials after the blasting process, the primary mill and the secondary hammer mill, enter a special mill with specific techniques for micronization called the pulverizer mill. The presence of a pulverizer mill causes the material to be crushed to the nanoparticles as needed, and it is important that the finer the raw material, the greater the adsorption and even the nanoparticles can enter the capillaries through the skin and saliva.After grinding the polarizer, the material enters the ideal mixer to mix the particles well. Then, for baking, enter the special air conditioner and double air conditioner. Compared to pellet presses, the baking process is higher and absorbs higher moisture content and due to the longer time, the materials are better sterilized.
How to make feeds with small animal feed pellet line?
Animal feed and poultry machines are devices used in the livestock and poultry business. These machines come in many different types. Some are used to optimize livestock feed and poultry, and some are used to fight pests and mold. These devices vary depending on the feed. Livestock feed has many different types, including pellets, powders, forages, etc. Depending on the feed, there are various devices that can be used. Different types of feed and poultry feed machines have different applications. There are many tools available in small and industrial varieties and used in small and large livestock and even feed production.
Production of livestock and poultry feed by small feed machines is similar to large machines. However, small machines have lower production capacity and have reduced or eliminated some production processes.
What are the components of animal feed?
Food refers to a substance that the animal can digest, absorb, and consume after eating. The part of the food that reaches the actual consumption of the animal is called the nutrient. Feeding livestock with a ready feed can prevent diseases caused by various contaminants in animal feed. To create the conditions for the economic exploitation of livestock, a set of materials that do not come together in a single forage should be mixed and milled. It is a concentrate consisting of a set of nutrients that is capable of meeting all the essential elements and substances of the animal’s body as needed.The ingredients in the concentrate include a variety of proteins derived from materials such as cottonseed meal, carbohydrates from cereals and molasses and beet pulp, fats, minerals and a variety of vitamins.
Following the increasing role of nutrition in the livestock economy since the middle of the last century, identifying the value of food and nutrients and determining animal (farm) nutritional needs has attracted the attention of experts, especially the animal sciences, and numerous studies have been conducted during this time. It is important in the livestock industry to provide a balanced and healthy feed containing all the materials needed for poultry and livestock. Any deficiency in protein, minerals, vitamins, and energy requirements will lead to poor yields and a detriment to animal diseases.
Where to find pelleted feeds at low prices?
The price of pellet feed depends on its final form as well as the materials used.
Pellet concentrates are more expensive than powder concentrates because
of their advantages. However, it is clear that advantages of pellet feed is more important than
its form. The market for livestock feed is so large that it covers every
food crop such as barley, corn, alfalfa and any crop residue, juicer,
oil such as cherry pomace, grape pomace, sunflower meal, olive, and so
on. Wastewater treatment plant waste such as bean waste can be
classified in this area.The
world’s top 10 producers are now major producers of livestock, poultry
and sausages, supplying more than 60 percent of the world’s food, with
China topping the list.
According to reports, the United States, France,
Spain, Mexico, Russia, India and Germany are the other major producers
of livestock feed respectively, with China and the United States
accounting for one-third of the feed. Today, Iran is the 18th largest
animal feeder country in the world.
Given the above statistics, the
livestock feed market is very wide in the world. Each manufacturer
strives to provide more customers with cheaper and higher feed pellet quality factor.In this vast market, buying feed at a lower price is very easy as many producers are competing to attract more buyers.
What are the factors to consider before pelleting animal feeds?
A plant that wants to produce any kind of animal feed, poultry and aquaculture must have at least five main parts:
Storage of raw materials: In this part raw materials such as wheat, barley, beet pulp, soybean meal, sunflower meal, minerals are stored.
Raw Materials Mill: All materials prepared for animal feed are milled separately. This can be done by using a mixer mill to better grind the raw materials and then to get their moisture. When the moisture is gone, the coarse material that remains is sent back to the mill to be screened.
1- Mixing the milled material:After grinding the raw materials, the ingredients are mixed in feed milling process flow in different proportions to form a uniform, and if necessary add in, at this stage.
2- Pelletizing: Materials that are mixed in one hand are transferred to pellet presses to be pressed into feeds and categorized to the size required by the customer.
3- Packaging: This stage, which is also the last stage, the pelleted feeds are placed in plastic bags and sent to livestock, poultry and aquaculture plants for distribution.
Important tips to buy feed pellets
Livestock concentrate or animal feed
pellets is composed of a mixture of several substances that by giving
this feed to livestock can meet all their needs and reduce disease,
increase growth, increase lactation and laying of poultry.
Tips for supplemental animal nutrition that must be observed when shopping:
1- It should be based on the needs of the animals and their diet.
2- Sufficient content in the concentrate must be observed.
3- Fulfill all animal needs including vitamins, protein, fat.
4- Provide livestock energy.
5- To be digestible and palatable.
Remember, if you are going to use animal feed pellets
for the first time, you should add it slowly and slowly. Because sudden
changes in nutrition can cause them to become allergic and stressful.
How to produce animal feed pellet?
Used in most poultry feed factories, poultry feed raw materials such as wheat bran, rice bran, corn, bagasse, barley, niacin, beet pulp are milled and converted into powder. These materials are then mixed with additives, including a variety of additives in the mixers, ready to pelletize and transform into berries. Subsequently, by pressing the pelletizer, these materials are converted to pellets under pressure and heat up to feed pelleting temperature about 90° C, depending on the type of feed, and are finally cooled and packaged by existing fan coils. It should be noted that according to the type and weight of the animal the percentage of supplements in the poultry feed varies.
Here are some important things in pellet making process to consider about food consumption and maintenance:
1-Since the feeds are different, mix them with the previous feed when distributing it in the salon and use it alone after 5 hours.
2-Storage area for poultry feed should be eligible for storage (lack of moisture, heat, direct sunlight, insects, birds and rodents, well-ventilated).
3-Preferably, the shelf life should not exceed 3 weeks.
4-The transportation of feed from the factory to the livestock unit should be carried out by special means of transport that have been disinfected.
Exportable quality of animal feed pellet
Livestock feed and poultry are products that can be exported from Iran. Different
countries want to import these products. Exporting livestock and poultry
feed, which includes both agricultural products and manufactured
products, can greatly contribute to the country’s economy.
products from Iran have been exported to other countries since last
years. From forage to feedstock production and waste to some factories,
all are exported.Among
forage, alfalfa and maize silage accounted for the largest share of
exports. Foods manufactured in factories, such as concentrates, are also
widely exported. Demand for wheat bran and livestock flour is also
steadily rising from other countries. Grains such as barley and maize
are products that are exported in large volumes and are in high demand.
Products such as meat powder, bone meal, pistachio powder, date kernel
powder, etc. are among the export products.Neighboring countries have the largest share of food imports from Iran. Meanwhile, Arab countries are in greater demand for livestock and poultry imports. Iraq, Kuwait, UAE, Qatar, Oman and … are regular customers of Iranian products.
Countries such as Turkey and Armenia are also seeking to purchase livestock feed from Iran. Meat powder is one of the most important products to buy in these countries. Eastern countries such as Afghanistan are also in demand for products such as ready-made, soy, etc.
Design and development of livestock feed pelleting machine
Economic reviews are the most important part of an industrial project. Successful study of economic issues requires careful study of consumer market and selling price.Given that the crop is consumed by existing cattle in the country, on the other hand, livestock statistics are increasing every day, so more forage and feed are needed each year than last year. Therefore, by designing and executing a livestock pellet production project that is Based on feed pelleting reference guide, we will be produced from agricultural waste and… feed, poultry and aquaculture with valuable nutritional value, both the food needed for the livestock will be supplied and the country self-sufficient and utilized.The use of cheaper raw materials in the production of this product will result in lower cost and therefore lower sales price.Today, by converting scrap and waste from food factories, animal and poultry and agricultural establishments, to valuable feed stuffs, it has achieved remarkable success in gaining huge capital for a comprehensive yet environmentally sound disposal. It also prevents the entry of livestock food into the country and also prevents the extraction of excessive wealth.
Manufacturing and development of livestock pellet production machines in many ways is beneficial to society, economic prosperity and self-sufficiency in the production of one’s products, profitability and improvement of economic status, employment, the use of manpower specialized in the cultivation of domestic commodities and the utilization of capital And human resources in the country’s development.Animal feed and poultry feed machines are machines that make different formulations of feed and poultry by performing a series of processes.Due to the ever-increasing consumption of fish in the commodity basket, fish growers are also facing increased production and the need for extruded fish feed and feed is increasing day by day.
Feeding poultry with different types of feed can prevent diseases caused by different contaminants in poultry feed. To create the conditions for the economic exploitation of poultry farms and livestock, a set of materials that do not come together in a single feed should be milled together. It is a food composition consisting of a set of nutrients capable of eliminating all the essential elements and substances of the animal’s body as needed. Materials used in poultry feed composition can be used in varying amounts.